Native Unity: The Shrinking Battleground

Native Unity

NATIVE UNITY DIGEST: The Native American people need to find a way to pull together to become more visible to the rest of the world. This concept is being promoted in the Digest through news articles, features, OP/ED pieces and contributor submissions on all aspects of Native life and tribal cultures throughout the U.S.and Canada. Bobbie Hart O'Neill, editor.

Friday, August 26, 2005

The Shrinking Battleground

Submitted by Alyssa Macy

The 2008 Presidential Elections and Beyond

The Shrinking Battleground uses a model of “state partisanship” to explain why the United States has experienced a decrease in the number of competitive battleground states in presidential elections, how these partisan divisions are hardening and what impact they have on American democracy.

The fundamental reality is that fewer and fewer Americans play a meaningful role in electing the president – and that the major party campaigns act on that understanding with utter disregard for the interests and views of most voters outside of swing states.

The result is a two-tiered system for voters, with damaging impact on voter turnout, racial fairness, political equality and the future of American democracy. The mounting evidence makes it clear that the solution is to establish a direct election of the president so that all votes count equally and the principles of majority rule and one person, one vote are respected.

Here are some of the key findings:

A shrinking battleground:
• In 1960, 24 states with a total of 327 electoral votes were battlegrounds. In 2004, only 13 states with 159 electoral votes were similarly competitive.
• Of potential battleground states, five (Louisiana, Maine, Oregon, Tennessee, West Virginia) grew much less competitive. One (Colorado) grew more competitive.
• Our partisanship model predicted state results within a 2% margin in 32 states. Only two minor states changed their partisanship by more than 3.9%.

Partisan consequences:
• George Bush would have lost the 2004 election if he had won the national popular vote by less than 425,000 votes.
• John Kerry and Democrats did relatively better in battleground states than the nation as a whole and are better positioned if the election is close in 2008.
• 48 of 51 presidential contests went to the same party as in 2000. A shift of just 18,774 votes would have meant an exact repeat of the 2000 state-by-state results.

Civic consequences:
• In the 12 most competitive states in 2004, voter turnout rose 9% to 63%. In the 12 least competitive states, voter turnout rose only 2% to 53%.
• Voter turnout among 18-29-year-olds was 64.4% in the ten most competitive states and 47.6% in the remaining states – a gap of 17%.
• More than 30% of whites live in battlegrounds, in contrast to only 21% of African Americans and Native Americans, 18 % of Latinos and 14% of Asian Americans.
• A shift of just 20,417 votes would have given the country an Electoral College tie. An even smaller shift would have thrown the 2000 elections into the U.S. House of Representatives.

Any Question, Any Time

FREE instant access to a wealth of factual information on candidates and elected officials! Call the Voter's Research Hotline, toll-free 1-888-VOTE-SMART (1-888-868-3762) and your own personal researcher can answer your questions instantly over the phone.

Friendly, trained operators are available Monday through Friday from 7am-5pm MST, with expansion of hours and into weekends beginning October of every election year. The entire Project Vote Smart database is accessible over the phone.

The Hotline has information on candidates and elected officials in the following basic categories:
• Biographies-including contact information
• Campaign Finance Data
• Issue Positions from our National Political Awareness Test (NPAT)
• Interest Group Ratings from over 100 Liberal to conservative groups• Key Votes on the Federal Level
• ... and lots more!

Data is collected for the following office levels:
• President & Vice President
• US Senate
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• Including how to contact Statewide Officials and Local and County Officials.

Other things we can help you with:
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• ... and much, much more!

PLUS, Specialized Research - If we don't have what you are looking for we will find it!
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Alyssa Macy
Political DirectorCenter for Civic Participation
2105 First Avenue South
Minneapolis, MN 55404

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